+ Why do some of my birds have scales on their feet and legs?
What they have is called scaley foot.
It is treated by rubbing warm olive oil onto the affected areas every day until the scales disappear.
+ What is crop canker?
Crop canker is caused by Trichomonas spp.
Typical symptoms include reduced appetite with a slower and partial emptying of the crop. Often undigested food is present in the crop in the mornings.
It can be prevented by good hygiene and regular disinfecting the food and water containers.
Treatment is with antibiotics such as Emtryl, Aviozole, Aviotrich and Avionidazole amongst others.
+ What is Mycoplasmosis?
Mycoplasmosis is caused by the Mycoplasma organism.
Mycoplasmosis is one of the most common respiratory infections found in pigeons and birds. It causes respiratory distress and starts as a mild inflammation in the eyes and nose.
A clear red slime often accumulates in the back of the throat. It may progress to the lungs and interfere with breathing and thus performance during racing.
It is characterised often by sneezing, shaking of the head and scratching the nostrils.
Treatment must be continued for 5 to 7 days . It is adviseable to treat all the birds before the racing season starts especially as the disease can easily spread to the babies.
One can use any of the following anti-biotics either alone or a combination of them.
Tylosin, Spiramycin, Lincomycin, Doxycycline, Chlor-tetracycline.
+ Why do my birds continually scratch themselves?
Pigeons and caged birds may scratch themselves continuously if they are infected by ectoparasites.
Ectoparasites may be one of the following: blood sucking mites, feather mites, skin mites and pigeon fly.
The mites live in cracks and crevaces of the loft or cage and come out to suck the blood. They cause severe irritation and this affects racing performance. Anaemia may result, and this can eventually cause death.
Skin mite causes rashes whereas the feather lice which live on the feathers cause holes in the plumage.
Pigeon fly suck the blood and is known to transmit pigeon malaria. The pigeon fly may also transmit lice and mites from one bird to another.
Diagnosis is done by visual inspection of the feathers which will reveal the mites. By placing cotton wool balls in the nests in the evening, the presence of red mite will show in the morning.
Treatment is done every six to eight weeks with the use of Duramitex or a pyrethroid spray.
One can also apply Ivermectin to the skin in the form of drops.
+ How do I know if my birds have worms?
Worm infesations are very common, particularly in wild birds and pigeons. The symptoms are quite visible in that the birds lose weight eventhough they are eating regularly and possibly more. Racing pigeons do not perform even if you are giving them the best foods and vitamins.
Hairworms suck the blood from the intestine and cause anaemia and enteritis. Both conditions affect peformance.
Round worms cause stunted growth and emaciation in babies. In large numbers they may even block the intestines resulting in death.
Lungworms cause breathing problems resulting in the birds gasping for breath and sneezing.
Tapeworms cause a general weakness and loss of weight even if the birds seem to be eating regularly.
Worm infestation is easy to diagnose as the eggs are easily seen under a microscope and worms can be identified in the droppings.
Treatment is done every eight weeks or as required using a broad spectrum dewormer such as levamisole, ivermectin and fenbendazole.
+ What is sour crop?
Sour crop is a common infection caused by a fungus. It is often associated with the use of excessive anti-biotics.
The birds become lethargic, lose weight and develope a water filled crop. They also vomit sometimes with a putrid odour. Small whitish spots can also appear in the throat.
Treatment is done usually using an anti-fungal such as Medistatin or Nystacid Drops
+ What is Young Bird Disease?
YBD or young bird disease is caused by Circo viruses. YBD is usually only seen in young birds where the virus attacks the gland that produces white blood cells. This causes the bird to loose its immunity and so become susceptible to other infections.Symptoms are lethargy, loss of appetite, ruffled feathers and large amounts of bad smelling loose stools are passed. Some birds recover fully after treatment.
Treatment is to stop all training and racing. Remove infected birds to another loft/cage and add avio-enteromune and avio-gel to the food for 10 days as well as typhoid cure to the water for 10 days.
Also disinfect the loft ,food and water bowls daily.
+ What is One Eye Cold ?
One Eye Cold or ornithosis is caused by Chlamydia. Symptoms are swelling of the conjunctiva of the eyes which causes them to bulge in some cases.
One eye cold can be prevented by reducing overcrowding, stress and keeping other people away from your loft.
Treatment includes administration of anti-biotics such as chlortetracycline, doxybiotic or dovabiotic, aviodox and oxytetracycline.
+ What is pigeon pox?
Pigeon pox is caused by a virus.The dry skin form is typically seen on the eyelids as well as the head and feet .
The wet form is seen in the corners of the beak, as well as the tongue and throat.
It is transmitted by direct contact between pigeons as well as by mosquitoes and pigeon fly.
Prevention is by using Viromune in the drinking water for 7 days after a suitable vaccination is given. Also prevent overcrowding in the loft.
Treatment is by using Viromune for 7 days in the drinking water. The wet type is treated by removing the crusts and by applying Avionase to the affected areas 2 times a day.
+ The ivomec 20ml. How much is the dosages, do you put it in drinking water, down the throat or dip.
Ivomec is used to treat external parasites. Add 1 drop to the back of the neck of each bird OR 2 to 5 drops to the bath water.
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